Digitalization of the agro-industrial complex today is the key to the dynamic development of the agro-industrial sector. This is a driver that will help achieve the goals set by the Head of State in the annual Address: the tasks to increase labor productivity in the agro-industrial complex and export of processed agricultural products by at least 2.5 times.
As part of the digitalization of the agro-industrial complex, pilot projects “Innovation Agrotechnological Park for the Implementation of Precision Agriculture” were created on the basis of the Kaskelen Agropark, Scientific-production center named after A.I. Barayev, as well as in the experimental farm "Zarechnoye" of the Kostanay region.
The introduction of innovations, namely, elements of precision farming, allowed experimental sites to significantly increase production efficiency. Among them: electronic field maps, accurate accounting and analysis of meteorological data using sensors and detectors, space monitoring, aerial photography using various drones equipped with high-resolution cameras, as well as spectral cameras, the use of parallel driving systems, remote control and other solutions.
The introduction of such technologies allowed us to move to a new level of risk management in agriculture; telemetry and remote access systems, made it possible to quickly receive and analyze various data from vast areas and make timely decisions to adjust technological processes and operations.
For example, through differential application, it was possible to ensure more efficient use of fertilizers and plant protection products, change the irrigation regimes to save water and energy consumption in the irrigation system, plan the logistics of agricultural machinery due to a more even distribution of the load, and accordingly increase its productivity. All this together will reduce the risk of losses in the planned yield to 70% and, as a result, increase the productivity of agricultural crops.
The Ministry is conducting systematic work to create similar centers of competence in all the main areas of agricultural development. On the basis of universities, research institutes and pilot farms, will be organized effective training and replication of these technologies.
In general, the need to create conditions for large-scale digitalization of the agro-industrial complex sets two major tasks for the Ministry of Agriculture of the country:
- Digitalization of the state regulation system of agro-industrial complex;
- Technological re-equipment of the production sphere.
Digitalization will become a key tool for the development of four areas of state regulation of agro-industrial complex: the availability of financing for agribusiness entities; market accessibility and export development; the effectiveness of state control and supervision; effective management of water and biological resources.
These areas will cover automation of 101 public services and related processes in the agricultural sector.
Digitalization of the agro-industrial complex will help increase competitiveness and labor productivity, ensure food safety and attract investment in the industry. In general, the economic effect until 2025 will be at least 40 billion tenge.